What Did They Learn?

I just returned from a 6 day trip to Orlando, Florida with my high school band.  I am exhausted and by all indications, they are exhausted.  We had a lot of fun in Orlando and we also did some musical work in Orlando.  My band also faced real suffering as we traveled to Orlando (as laid out in my previous blog post).  Now that the trip is completed I think that it is important to take a step back and ask the question, “what did they learn?”.

I’m not sure that is a question I bothered to ask after previous trips.  But this year I have been able to devote much more time to studying instructional practices and learning strategies.  I have read about high yield instructional strategies and I have observed some great teachers create outstanding learning experiences for their students.  Most importantly (to me at least) is that I have become much more reflective about my own teaching.  I have a well respected colleague who has asked me to look for “moments of learning” in the classrooms I visit.  What I have really tried to do is look for moments of learning in my own classroom (which happened to be in Orlando, Florida this week).  Some days I have to really struggle to find those moments, but this week they were all around me.  One of my earlier blogs was about the idea that we should evaluate students more on whether what they are doing is interesting rather than if it is good or bad.  This week my students learning experiences were interesting.  We played concerts in an exciting outdoor environment that was very interesting.  We attended a clinic with composer/arranger/teacher/musician Allen Gray that was incredibly unique.  I watched my students create new social groups in order to be more inclusive.  So, the answer to the question, “what did they learn?” is that they learned a lot.

The next question that might be logical is how could I measure what they learned?  That’s where I often get stumped.  Teachers, students, and parents have been conditioned to want to put a label on what has been learned.  Usually that label is an A, B, C, etc.  But the best teachers and students, I think, will tell you that those letters don’t usually end up meaning very much.  We have to continue to work to engage all of us in our school communities (teachers, students, parents, administrators, and our larger communities) in conversations about how we can best share with each other about what our young people are learning.  A’s, B’s, and C’s just don’t seem adequate to reflect what should be going on in our classrooms.  Traditional measurement strategies surely have had their place and maybe they still do, but we have to look for ways recognize that all learning doesn’t fit neatly into our traditional model of measuring student achievement.  We must help our students own more of their own learning so that their motivation for learning and growing is more intrinsic than extrinsic.  This isn’t easy.  We are fighting many years of institutional entrenchment in a system that our students, parents, and communities “understand”.  Teachers are spending more and more time talking about new ways to measure our students and I can promise that I have observed many classrooms this year in which the learning and the measurement is unique and exciting.

I teach in a great school.  Further, I teach in a subject area in which I get to accept actual applause for the work that my students do.  I am also incredibly lucky to have students and parents who regularly thank me for the experiences that I am able to help facilitate.  I don’t have a typical teaching job.  The truth is that my colleagues who are using group work to make math more accessible deserve applause, that my colleagues who create projects in which students work collaboratively and create unique products to demonstrate learning deserve applause, and my colleagues who spend hours creating alternative assessments in order to differentiate learning styles deserve applause.  We are all asking the question, “what did they learn?”.  We also look hard in the mirror when we don’t like the answer to that question.

Teaching hasn’t become easier in the last 25 years (the span of my career).  We are asked to do more with less.  I am working in a state where many of our legislators don’t respect the work that me and my colleagues do, which is fine.  I work in a state where the state’s largest newspaper regularly writes opinion pieces that diminish the work of teachers and schools.  I work in a state that where the Governor’s “educational adviser” has never spent a day working in a public school.  But, that’s OK.  My colleagues and I are going to continue to work hard to make our schools better. We are going to work hard so that the answer to the question, “What did they learn?”, will be much more than things that show up on standardized tests or be reflected in a grade point average.   We are going to be sure that the answer to that question is that they learned how to be more curious, they learned how to advocate for themselves, and that they learned more about what it is they are passionate about.  I like it when those things are the answer to the question, “What did they learn?”.



  1. I’ve been thinking about your comments about the relative value our legislators and others place on education and teachers. There are several similarities between my professional field, health care, and education. Both are arguably social ‘rights’ in that access to each is a prerequisite to any hope for a successful life – no matter how you measure success. Both rely heavily on public funding sources. Both are delivered by professionals who are hopefully called to their respective professions in ways fundamentally different than people working in other industries (though those professions are valuable and necessary as well.) And, perhaps most pertinent to this discussion, both currently consume a proportionately large amount of the public funds available.

    Therein is the rub. As I explain it to my nurses who ask why we are replacing the furniture in the lobby rather than raising their salaries, the pie is only so big and everyone wants the biggest slice. The decisions about how the pie is sliced are incredibly complex, and even the decision makers have an extremely hard time weighing all the factors that go into these decisions. Which voices to listen to, which values to uphold, which ‘goods’ to foster…decisions are made by imperfect people with imperfect information.

    No matter which political party is in power, the fact remains that those of us consuming the largest pieces of the pie will be under continual scrutiny. We will need to find ways to justify our piece of the pie, and we will always be in jeopardy of getting a smaller slice. We will need to stretch ourselves to continuously do more with less – and do it better.

    I hate this truth. I hate it that I need to find ways to inspire and motivate my nurses to deliver the highest quality care, with the greatest compassion and tenderness, to sicker, older, larger, and more demanding patients. I hate it that we must hang our dirty laundry (yes, there is some) out for our community to see through public reporting requirements that are linked to reimbursement. And I especially hate it that there are days when we simply don’t live up to our own expectations because we don’t have the resources to do it all as well as we want to. Those are the facts…but we cannot allow them to become excuses.

    What sets truly great educators and great health care professionals (and perhaps a handful of others) apart is their ability to push beyond the limits of dwindling resources and negative public sentiments to create new models and break out of ‘the way we’ve always done it.’ Fueled by an insatiable passion to ensure that their students or patients have access to the highest quality education or care possible, they figure it out somehow. It’s a messy, and often discouraging, endeavor. There is very little praise, and far too little pay for this work. But the alternative – to give up and find another line of work – is unthinkable.

    I can think of several ways that the educational value of the Orlando trip could be measured:
    1. The number of students who found the money to go on the trip. Not all of these students were able to afford it. I personally know of students who worked, raised funds, sold their own hand-crafted items or music recordings. This was important to them, and they made it happen.
    2. The complete lack of drama, injury, or incident. Other than our first day, I don’t believe there was a single student who got into trouble, got significantly ill, or sustained an injury. With 167 students, that is no small feat!
    3. The number of non-Johnston audience members who sat in the hot sun to watch the entire performance of one or both bands. And the number of tears shed during the finale.
    4. The number of students who responded to the question “How was the clinic?” with the answer “Awesome!” You could obviously substantiate this with a simple Survey Monkey, if numbers were needed.
    5. Most importantly, the number of students who reflected, in their own special way, their love for the two teachers who sacrificed their Spring Breaks to make this trip happen. I’m pretty sure that number would be 100% no matter how you measure it.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s